A new study in the journal Environmental International analyzed exposure of phthalates in the United States population. Phthalates are chemicals that disrupt androgen hormones (such as testosterone) across one’s lifespan. They are implicated in a number of hormone-related medical conditions: reproductive issues, diabetes, neurodevelopmental problems, fetal sex differentiation, cancer, poor sperm quality, and obesity. The scope of phthalate exposure is significant. The total estimated cost of endocrine-disrupting chemicals is $340 billion in the United States